December 11, 2008

By Rosanne Prinsen, MSc

Active travel and health inequalities
How walking and cycling can benefit the health of the most disadvantaged people.

BEST (better environmentally sound transportation)
Since 1991, BEST has been offering innovative programs to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and to inform people about the environmental, health, and community issues surrounding transportation. Our programs encourage and motivate people to cycle, walk, carpool, and use public transit more often.

LocalMotion provides local (B.C.) governments funding assistance for capital projects that make communities greener, healthier and more active and accessible places in which to live. This program provides extra resources for projects that encourage people to get out and be more active, support a reduction in car dependency and associated greenhouse gas emissions and meet the mobility needs of seniors and people with disabilities.

Take action on active travel
The UK's leading organisations working on all areas of public health, call on decision makers at all levels to act now to bring about a population-wide shift from sedentary travel to walking and cycling to tackle ill-health caused by the decline of physical active travel in past decades.

Ten questions to ask if you are... scrutinising how physical activity can be promoted through

Prevention of overweight in the school arena
Overall, half of the studies demonstrated significant effects, suggesting that school-based interventions are important to help reduce the prevalence of overweight or obesity.

Utilization and physical activity levels at renovated and unrenovated school playgrounds
Colabianchia, N., Kinsella, A., Coultonb, C., Mooreb, S. (2008). Preventive Medicine.
The results showed that more adults and children used the renovated playgrounds compared to the unrenovated playgrounds.

Chronic Disease Self-Management Program : A World Premiere in French-Language Health Care
According to the President of Réseau santé albertain, Dr. Denis Vincent, the program fits well with the vision of its organization, which is that every French-speaking individual is healthy through individual and collective empowerment. “Instead of imparting content about a particular disease, the program teaches strategies that help the participants increase their sense of control in their day to day lives. They also help each other and this contributes to decreasing their feelings of solitudes.”

Alberta Diabetes Surveillance System (ADSS) Newsletter
The purpose of the ADSS Newsletter is to update stakeholders on new and important diabetes issues in Alberta.

Effects of aerobic exercise on lipids and lipoproteins in adults with type 2 diabetes: a meta-analysis of randomized-controlled trials.
Kelley, G., Kelley, K., (2007). Public Health, 21(9), 643-655.
Overall, aerobic exercise appears to lower LDL-C in adults with type 2 diabetes, but this needs confirmation in further random control trials.

Health economic evaluation of controlled and maintained physical exercise in the prevention of cardiovascular and other prosperity diseases
Link to academic paper:
They concluded that: controlled and maintained physical exercise is projected to be cost-effective, which is likely to be explained by its simultaneous effect on several diseases and the associated weight loss, which affects quality of life positively.

Building stronger communities through physical activity: a practitioner’s resource
A concise practitioner’s resource has been developed to assist practitioners plan, implement and evaluate physical activity programs that build social capital in communities (see companion document below).

Guidelines for the use of physical activity for community development purposes: Final report
A November 2008 publication, with a great reference section!

Whole-of-community physical activity interventions: Easier said than done?
Conclusion: Despite the challenges, the whole-community approach still offers tremendous potential for developing the social and cultural change which will be required for sustained improvements in population physical activity. (Note: Kerry Mummery is the primary author J )

Barrier free design guide

Checklist for Accessibility & Universal Design in Architecture
The City of Edmonton Advisory Board on Services for Persons with Disabilities has revised and updated the checklist.

What do we mean by ‘wellbeing’? And why might it matter?
The meaning and function of a term like ‘wellbeing’ not only changes through time, but is open to both overt and subtle dispute and contest. There is evidence that the discourse of ‘wellbeing’ - how, for what purposes, and with what effects the term is being used - is at present particularly unstable in the UK.

Best-Practice Physical Activity Programs for Older Adults: Findings from the National Impact Study
Conclusions. Best-practice community-based physical activity programs can measurably improve aspects of functioning that are risk factors for disability among older adults. US public policy should encourage these inexpensive health promotion programs.

Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe
SHARE is a multidisciplinary and cross-national panel database of micro data on health, socio-economic status and social and family networks of more than 30,000 individuals aged 50 or over....

Active Living Research Literature Database

Defining Sport and Physical Activity: A Conceptual Model
This paper presents a conceptual model defining key concepts commonly used in survey
research on sport and physical activity. The aim of developing a conceptual model for
sport and physical activity is to aid interpretation and future development of surveys in
this field.

NSW Premier’s Council for active living
The Premier's Council for Active Living (PCAL) aims to build and strengthen the physical and social environments in which communities engage in active living. It comprises senior representatives from across government, industry and the community sector.

Combined impact of lifestyle factors on mortality: Prospective cohort study in US women
van Dam R. et al BMJ 2008;337:a1440
(Their) results indicate that adherence to lifestyle guidelines is associated with markedly lower mortality in middle aged women. Both efforts to eradicate cigarette smoking and those to stimulate regular physical activity and a healthy diet should be intensified.

Healthy People, Healthy Performance, Healthy Profits: The Case for Business Action on the Socio-Economic Determinants of Health
Business has an important role to play in addressing the socio-economic determinants of health. This report provides practical guidance and principles of success to businesses that may take action.

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