Friday

November 21, 2008

By Rosanne Prinsen, MSc

Alberta Centre for Active Living

ABORIGINAL
Recreation Director's Handbook: A guide for recreation delivery in Aboriginal communities
This manual offers information to help communities become involved in recreation and create programs that last. It also describes how to obtain the resources needed to develop recreation facilities and plan for the future. Note it is a large document: 329 pgs / 15MB

CHILDREN
Physical Activity and the Health of Young People
New from the CDC November 2008

Where Are Youth Active? Roles of Proximity, Active Transport, and Built Environment.
Grow HM, Saelens BE, Kerr J, Durant NH, Norman GJ, Sallis JF. Where Are Youth Active? Roles of Proximity, Active Transport, and Built Environment. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2008 Oct.
They concluded that “active transport was strongly associated with the use of multiple recreation sites by children and adolescents, even when accounting for proximity and demographic factors. Adolescents living in neighborhoods with better traffic safety walked/biked to more recreation sites for physical activity. Findings support the need for built environments and transportation policies that facilitate safe, active transport to recreation sites for youth physical activity.”

CHRONIC DISEASE
The association of physical activity and depression in type 2 diabetes
Lysy, Z., Da Costa, D., Dasgupta, K. (2008). The association of physical activity and depression in type 2 diabetes. Diabetic Medicine, 25 (10), 1133-41.
They conclude that “studies to date suggest an association between depressed mood and physical inactivity in adults with Type 2 diabetes, although objective measures of physical activity have not been employed. Depression-specific management may improve mood and possibly activity.”

Epidemiology of walking and type 2 diabetes
Caspersen CJ, Fulton JE. Epidemiology of walking and type 2 diabetes. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2008 Jul;40(7 Suppl):S519-28.
They found that “moderate to faster pace of walking seemed to enhance risk reduction. These reductions fit well with results of earlier reviews of physical activity and diabetes, and basically corresponded to 2-3 h of weekly walking.”

Reduced diabetic, hypertensive, and cholesterol medication use with walking
Williams PT. Reduced diabetic, hypertensive, and cholesterol medication use with walking. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2008 Mar;40(3):433-43.
Their “results are consistent with the hypothesis that antidiabetic, antihypertensive, and LDL cholesterol-lowering medication use may be reduced substantially by walking more intensely and farther each week, and by including longer walks.”

Vigorous exercise, fitness and incident hypertension, high cholesterol, and diabetes
Williams PT. Vigorous exercise, fitness and incident hypertension, high cholesterol, and diabetes. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2008 Jun;40(6):998-1006.
They found that “higher cardiorespiratory fitness reduces the odds for hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, and diabetes, independent of physical activity and is an important risk factor separate from physical activity.”

OLDER ADULTS
How many days of pedometer use predict the annual activity of the elderly reliably?
Togo F, Watanabe E, Park H, Yasunaga A, Park S, Shephard RJ, et al. How many days of pedometer use predict the annual activity of the elderly reliably? Med Sci Sports Exerc 2008 Jun; 40(6):1058-64.
They conclude that “when estimating annual step counts, seasonal and/or random sampling of data allows collection of reliable data during substantially fewer days than needed for consecutive observations.”

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Cost effectiveness of community-based physical activity interventions
http://www.ajpm-online.net/article/PIIS0749379708007708/abstract
This study assessed the cost-effectiveness of population-wide strategies to promote physical activity in adults and followed disease incidence over a lifetime.

Healthy Brandon in motion
“We are a combined Chronic Disease Prevention Initiative and in motion group. Our primary focus is those people in the age group of 30-59.”

The importance of walking to public health
Lee IM, Buchner DM. The importance of walking to public health. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2008 Jul;40(7 Suppl):S512-8.
They conclude that “walking is a simple health behavior that can reduce rates of chronic disease and ameliorate rising health care costs, with only a modest increase in the number of activity-related injuries.”

Interventions to increase walking behavior
Williams DM, Matthews CE, Rutt C, Napolitano MA, Marcus BH. Interventions to increase walking behavior. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2008 Jul;40(7 Suppl):S567-73.
They found that “mediated interventions delivering physical activity promotion materials through non-face-to-face channels may be ideal for delivering walking promotion interventions and have shown efficacy in promoting overall physical activity, especially when theory-based and individually tailored. Mass media campaigns targeting broader audiences, including those who may not intend to increase their physical activity, have been successful at increasing knowledge and awareness about physical activity but are often too diffuse to successfully impact individual behavior change. Incorporating individually tailored programs into broader mass media campaigns may be an important next step, and the Internet could be a useful vehicle.”

Keeping Albertans fit worth $500 tax credit
Private member's bill based on the expectation that a healthy body will ultimately cost health-care systems less money.

New CDC study finds community physical activity programs are money well spent
“Community-based physical activity interventions designed to promote more active lifestyles among adults are cost-effective in reducing heart disease, stroke, colorectal and breast cancers, and type 2 diabetes, according to a study by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, with support from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.”

Pedometer accuracy during walking over different surfaces
Leicht AS, Crowther RG. Pedometer accuracy during walking over different surfaces. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2007 Oct;39(10):1847-50.
They concluded that “walking on a soft surface such as dry beach sand significantly reduced walking speed and increased pedometer error for females compared with males, possibly by exacerbating hip and walking movements. Identification of gender and softer surfaces should be considered when documenting physical activity levels in field studies.”

Physical Activity and Health: The Benefits of Physical Activity
This page was last updated November 2008.

The economic costs of physical inactivity, obesity and overweight in California adults: Health Care, Workers’ Compensation, and Lost Productivity
The study…… estimated that a five percent improvement in the rates of physical activity and healthy weight over five years could save more than $6 billion, while a ten percent improvement could save nearly $13 billion.

WOMEN
The health benefits of physical activity for girls and women: Literature review and recommendations for future research and policy
This document presents an interdisciplinary portrayal of what is known about the benefits and risks of physical activity and inactivity for the health status of girls and women.

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