Thursday

July 31, 2008

by Rosanne Prinsen, MSc

Alberta Centre for Active Living

ACTIVE TRANSPORTATION

Neighborhood completeness indicator
The Neighborhood Completeness Indicator (NCI) is a quantitative spatial assessment tool measuring the proximity of San Francisco residents to daily goods and services in their neighborhoods.

CHILDREN

NutriSTEP(tm) (Nutrition Screening Tool for Every Preschooler)
A valid and reliable bilingual nutrition risk screening tool for preschool children, aged 3-5 years. Involves a parent-administered 17-item questionnaire that covers: food and nutrient intake, physical growth, developmental and physical capabilities, physical activity, food security and the feeding environment.

Stop playing games with childhood obesity Part II: Communication campaign evaluation results
In October 2007, the "Stop Playing Games with Childhood Obesity" campaign was launched in the City of Hamilton. Part II focuses on the evaluation of the campaign that included: a randomized telephone survey, an online survey for visitors to the campaign website, and web statistics tracking.

HEALTHY EATING

How to make healthy changes in your neighbourhood
Every neighborhood deserves to have clean, safe places to buy fruits and vegetables—and you and your family can help make these healthy changes. It’s not easy, but by working with local agencies you can get more grocery stores, community gardens, and farmers’ markets in your community.

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY

ACSM Brochures
The American College of Sports Medicine works to spread the benefits of physical activity. Includes the ‘selecting and effectively using’ series and the ‘healthy play’ series.

ACSM Current comments
ACSM Current Comments are fact sheets on a variety of health and fitness topics, including exercise, youth sports and health and more. There are 27 documents in the physical activity and exercise section.

ACSM Fit society page
ACSM Fit Society Page® newsletter is a quarterly electronic newsletter written for the general public on a variety of popular health and fitness topics.

Effect of exercise on 24-month weight loss maintenance in overweight women
The authors "demonstrate that sustained weight loss requires the continued achievement of 2000 kcal/wk of physical activity. They also show that providing treadmills and extensive group counselling on exercise will not achieve this for most patients."

URBAN DESIGN

Built environments as determinant of health
An emerging body of research points to various connections between community design and health issues. This fact sheet – developed to provide rationale for land use policy change – presents a brief summary of existing research, categorized by public health topic. It is intended to help public health practitioners work with planners toward land use policy solutions that improve community health.

Community health as a goal of good design
An emerging body of research points to various connections between community design and health issues. This fact sheet – developed to provide rationale for land use policy change – presents a brief summary of existing research, categorized by built environment issue. It is intended to help planners work with public health practitioners toward land use policy solutions that improve community health.

Healthy development measurement tool: A comprehensive evaluation metric to consider health needs in urban development

Zoning: Talking points
Zoning can promote land uses that allow and encourage individuals to make healthy choices – or it can do just the opposite.

July 24, 2008

Rosanne Prinsen, MSc
Resource Coordinator

Alberta Centre for Active Living

ACTIVE TRANSPORTATION

City of Calgary draft pedestrian cycling policies

City of Halifax active transportation plan

City of Toronto walking strategy

Toronto coalition for active transportation
The Toronto Coalition for Active Transportation (TCAT) was formed in 2006 to give a unified voice to the many groups working for a better cycling and pedestrian environment in Toronto.

CHILDREN

Action Schools! BC: A school-based physical activity intervention designed to decrease cardiovascular disease risk factors in children
They conclude Action Schools! BC was an effective school-based physical activity model for improving the CVD risk profile of elementary-school children.

Increasing preschoolers' physical activity intensities: An activity-friendly preschool playground intervention
The results suggest simple interventions, requiring little teacher training, can yield increases in healthy physical activity.

Perceptions about the local neighborhood and walking and cycling among children
They conclude that ‘Perceptions of the local neighborhood may influence children's physical activity.’

HEALTHY EATING

Nutrient value of some common foods (NVSCF) booklet.
Just released by Health Canada "The NVSCF has just been updated and is now free of charge. This new version now emphasizes mixed dishes rather than just individual ingredients."

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY

A randomized trial to increase physical activity among native elders
Physical inactivity is common among older populations and American Indians. Our objective was to compare two methods for increasing physical activity and walking among American Indian elders.

OLDER ADULTS

Effectiveness of a lifestyle intervention and a structured exercise intervention in older adults
This study evaluated the effects of a lifestyle intervention and a structured exercise intervention on physical activity in older adults.

The 24-h distribution of falls and person–hours of physical activity in the home are strongly associated among community-dwelling older persons
They found that older persons may be at increased risk of falling if they are encouraged to become more physically active, or if they often get out of bed at night. Thus in addition to health-related factors, changes in level of physical activity should also be taken into account when estimating a person's risk of falling.

Monday

July 21, 2008

by Rosanne Prinsen, MSc
Resource Coordinator

Alberta Centre for Active Living

ACTIVE TRANSPORTATION

Bicycle safety
“The need for safe, convenient, and attractive facilities to encourage safe bicycling is essential. This site is designed to make it easier for the bicycle safety practitioner and advocate to locate and acquire the most appropriate resources to meet their particular planning, designing, and operating needs for bicycle facilities.”

Making cycling irresistible: Lessons from the Netherlands, Denmark and Germany
While history, culture, topography and climate are important, they do not necessarily determine the fate of cycling. Government policies are at least as important: transport policies, land-use policies, urban development policies, housing policies, environmental policies, taxation policies and parking policies.

Pedestrian safety
“This site is designed to make it easier for the pedestrian safety practitioner and advocate to locate and acquire the most appropriate resources to meet their particular planning, design, and operation needs for pedestrian facilities.”

Velomobiles
Human-powered vehicles -- fully enclosed recumbent bicycles that usually have three wheels, a chair-like seat and a standard bicycle drivetrain. The modern velomobile is the closest that anyone has come to building a truly practical all-weather, human-powered vehicle.

CHILDREN

A comparison between children's physical activity levels at school and learning in an outdoor environment
Journal of Adventure Education & Outdoor Learning, Volume 7, Issue 2 December 2007, pages 161 – 176

Australia's active after-school communities (AASC) program
“The program is designed to engage traditionally inactive children in structured physical activities and build links with community based organizations to create opportunities for ongoing participation.”

Energy expenditure of obese, overweight, and normal weight females during lifestyle physical activities
International Journal of Pediatric Obesity, Volume 3, Issue 3 2008, pages 177 – 185

Family physical activity and sedentary environments and weight change in children
International Journal of Pediatric Obesity, Volume 3, Issue 3 2008, pages 160 - 167

How physical activity can work?
International Journal of Pediatric Obesity, Volume 3, Issue S1 2008, pages 10 – 14

International conference on physical activity and obesity in children: Summary statement and recommendations
Journal of Pediatric Obesity, Volume 3, Issue 1 2008, pages 3 – 21

Neighborhood characteristics in relation to diet, physical activity and overweight of Canadian children
International Journal of Pediatric Obesity, Volume 3, Issue 3 2008, pages 152 - 159

HEALTH PROMOTION

Find thirty every day
“The campaign aims to increase the number of West Australian adults who are sufficiently active for good health.”

Prevention institute
Prevention Institute helps identify ways to improve community environments so that healthy eating and physical activity become the easy choice.

Redesigned healthfinder.gov
The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion has redesigned healthfinder.gov. Physical activity information can be found under the ‘quick guide to healthy living” or by using the a-z encyclopedia.

Take life on, one step at a time
A new health promotion (physical activity is included) multimedia campaign from the Scottish Government.

OLDER ADULTS

The effectiveness of a physical activity intervention for seniors
American Journal of Health Promotion May/Jun2008, Vol. 22 Issue 5, p318 4p.
The purpose of this study was “To determine whether a tailored, 6-month, neighborhood-based, physical activity intervention for people aged 65 to 74 years could increase their total physical activity levels and to identify factors associated with physical activity times.” It concluded “The program was successful in increasing weekly mean time for physical activity in seniors and in identifying factors that affect their commitment to physical activities.”

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY

ACSM American fitness index
This was developed “to provide an evidence- and science-based measurement of the state of health and fitness at the community level throughout the U.S. Communities, organizations and individuals will be able to assess factors that contribute to health and fitness and measure the progress.”

Russ Kisby fitness walk
1st Annual walk. “We are inviting you to visit the website and we hope that wherever you are, you will take time on July 20th to walk and remember Russ.”

USA physical activity guidelines advisory committee report
The new Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans will be issued later in 2008. Find out more information in this report.

URBAN DESIGN

A resident's guide for creating safe and walkable communities
“This guide provides examples from other communities working to improve pedestrian safety. It includes information, ideas, and resources to help residents learn about issues that affect walking conditions; find ways to address or prevent these problems; and promote pedestrian safety.”

Designing and building healthy places (CDC)
…. “the interaction between people and their environments, natural as well as human-made, continues to emerge as a major issue concerning public health.” Many documents, links and resources here J

Working together to create healthy people in healthy places
“There is growing recognition that creating healthy places–neighborhoods, schools, and workplaces–is essential to supporting healthy eating and physical activity behaviours. The documents, briefs, and toolkit, in this section, present a comprehensive and cross-cutting review of policy, strategy, and program recommendations to create healthy eating and active living environments.”

The causal influence of neighborhood design on physical activity within the neighborhood: Evidence from Northern California.
American Journal of Health Promotion May/Jun2008, Vol. 22 Issue 5, p350 9p.
The purpose of this study was to “Test for a causal relationship between neighborhood design and physical activity within the neighborhood by controlling for self-selection” It concluded “Both cross-sectional and quasi-longitudinal analyses provided evidence of a causal impact of neighborhood design. Improving physical activity options, aesthetic qualities, and social environment may increase physical activity.”