June 26, 2008

Rosanne Prinsen, MSc
Resource Coordinator
Alberta Centre for Active Living

Rosanne has decided to heed Health Canada's advice about getting enough vitamin D. She will be taking a couple weeks off to soak up some rays. Look for the next Physical Activity Information Round-Up on July 21st.


Cardio-respiratory fitness and physical activity in youth with type 2 diabetes
This study examined whether cardio-respiratory fitness and physical activity are reduced in young people with Type 2 diabetes compared with young people without the condition.

School-based obesity prevention programs: an evidence-based review.
Qualitative analysis suggests programs grounded in social learning may be more appropriate for girls, while structural and environmental interventions enabling physical activity may be more effective for boys. High-quality evaluation protocols should be considered essential components of future programs.


Economic costs of physical inactivity
A recent (2007) fact sheet from the British Heart Foundation.

Healthy living interventions and schizophrenia: A systematic review
This paper reports a systematic review of the published and grey literature which has investigated the efficacy of healthy living interventions for adults with a diagnosis of schizophrenia or schizo-affective disorder. (Includes three papers that involve exercise).

USA physical activity guidelines advisory committee report
You can download the report in its entirety (4.7Mb) or as individual sections.
This report includes 3 major components. The first provides an introduction to the PAGAC process; the second component includes 11 sections that review and summarize the scientific literature relating physical activity to individual health outcomes. The third component provides a summary of the PAGAC’s collective recommendations for future research.

Vancouver sport for life
The strategy notes the participants expressed frustration that responsibility for sport within the city is not clearly defined. Participants reported being shuffled between city and parks board staff, or redirected to external organizations, when wanting to discuss sport-related issues or initiatives.


Long-term weight loss after diet and exercise: A systematic review
Diet associated with exercise results in significant and clinically meaningful initial weight loss. This is partially sustained after one year.


Healthy eating and physical activity: Addressing inequities in urban environments
“This paper represents the dialogue of a working group trying to make important decisions about how to realize the greatest impact on nutrition and activity related diseases and how
to create the community-wide changes needed to sustain this impact.”

The effectiveness of urban design and land use and transport policies and practices to increase physical activity: A systematic review
Because community- and street-scale urban design and land-use policies and practices met the Community Guide criteria for being effective physical activity interventions, implementing these policies and practices at the community-level should be a priority of public health practitioners and community decision makers.

Using Google earth as an innovative tool for community mapping
This article illustrates how nonspecialists used Google EarthTM, to create community maps.


Building the case for wellness
This report considers the wider business case for workplace health and wellbeing and then specifically the economic benefits for workplaces in the UK. It also provides a framework for program implementation and management.

Healthy active workplaces
Access workplace physical activity and health information and resources from the Department of Sport & Recreation website in Western Australia.

Well at work
Find out about the results of a large-scale workplace physical activity & health program in the United Kingdom.

June 19, 2008

By Rosanne Prinsen, MSc, Alberta Centre for Active Living


Investment in safe routes to school projects: Public health benefits for the larger community
Results suggest that SRTS projects in urban areas can improve the walking and bicycling environment for adults as well as for children, the target users. Investment in SRTS can contribute to increased physical activity among children and adults.

Centre for sustainable transportation
There are many good publications here. Click on Publilcations and then Completed Projects. You will find such things as Kids on the Move and Child Friendly Transportation Planning.

Children’s active commuting to school: Current knowledge and future directions.
Literature on children’s active commuting to school published before June 2007 was compiled…….


Shifting the Dialogue on Chronic Disease
…. for large-scale improvements in population health, action at the level of the social determinants is needed….There is a need to look beyond individual responsibility to understand the ways in which the social environment shapes the decisions we make and the behaviours we engage in.


Increasing access to places for physical activity through a joint use agreement: A case study in urban Honolulu
Several barriers to implementing the joint use agreement and recreational program were encountered. However, participants were satisfied with the recreational classes they attended and said that the In-Motion program helped them to engage in more PA. Program awareness by high school students and staff was high.

National outdoor recreational injury estimates
Almost 213,000 people were treated each year in emergency departments for outdoor recreational injuries from 2004 to 2005, according to a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) study…….

Ontario's action plan for healthy eating and active living
….Developed to address an epidemic of overweight and obesity in Ontario and as part of a world wide response to reduce chronic disease by targeting nutrition and physical activity.


Screen time among Canadian adults
This study, uses data 2007 CCHS to profile Canadian adults who were frequent television viewers and those who were frequent leisure-time computer users, two sedentary activities that are related to obesity.

Sedentary behaviour and obesity
This 2007 CCHS study used data from 42,600 men and women aged 20 to 64 and found strong evidence of a positive association between the time spent watching television and obesity among both sexes.


Employer adoption of evidence-based chronic disease prevention practices: A pilot study.
Workplace Solutions recommends 15 employer practices in 5 categories: 1) health insurance benefits, 2) policies, 3) workplace programs, 4) health-promoting communication, and 5) tracking of employee health behaviors to measure progress.

June 12, 2008

By Rosanne Prinsen, MSc, Alberta Centre for Active Living


Cycling - Getting Australia moving: Barriers, facilitators and interventions to get more Australians physically active through cycling
This report has been developed to assist practitioners, policy makers and planners to increase adult physical activity levels through bicycle riding.


Active and safe routes to school
Green Communities Canada, in partnership with Ecology Action in Nova Scotia, SHAPE Alberta; and the Way to Go! School Program in British Columbia, is launching School Travel Planning (STP). STP brings together community stakeholders to identify barriers to active transportation for each school and develop a written action plan.

Building solutions for preventing childhood obesity
Consisting of seven separate modules covering both nutrition and physical activity topics.

Children and nature network
The Children & Nature Network (C&NN) was created to encourage and support the people and organizations working to reconnect children with nature. C&NN provides access to the latest news and research in the field and a peer-to-peer network of researchers and individuals, educators and organizations dedicated to children's health and well-being.


Influence of combined exercise training on indices of obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular risk in type 2 diabetes patients
The objective of the study was to investigate the influence of combined exercise training on indices of obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular risk in type 2 diabetes patients.


Active living research annual conference
The theme of the conference is Active Communities for Youth and Families: Creating Momentum for Change. February 18-20, 2009 in San Diego, CA.


From news to everyday use. The difficult art of implementation (Sweden)
Once new health–promoting methods have been presented, sometimes after years of research, it often takes a long time for them to come into daily use. This delay means that possible health gains are not achieved as quickly as we would perhaps like. The aim of this report is to facilitate the work of public health planners, prevention coordinators and others who sometimes face the challenge of disseminating and implementing new methods in the field of public health.


How socio-economic status contributes to participation in leisure-time physical activity

Special issue of Canadian journal of public health
An issue focusing on the evaluation of the Canadian physical activity guides. Click on Supplement 2e under the 2007 heading.

Worldwide variability in physical inactivity: A 51-country survey


Group exercise can improve participants' mobility in an outpatient rehabilitation setting: a randomized controlled trial
The authors report that this short-duration circuit class programme improved mobility, but not strength.

Regular vigorous physical activity and disability development in healthy overweight and normal-weight seniors: A 13-year study
Public health efforts that promote physically active lifestyles among seniors may be more successful than those that emphasize body weight in the prevention of functional decline.

June 5, 2008

By Rosanne Prinsen, MSc, Alberta Centre for Active Living


Health, place and nature
How outdoor environments influence health and well-being: a knowledge base…. Research from across Europe found people living in areas with high levels of greenery to be three times more likely to be physically active and 40 per cent less likely to be overweight or obese than those living in areas with low levels of greenery.


Alberta nutritional guidelines for children and youth
Alberta is the first province to create a nutrition guidelines resource specifically for caregivers operating childcare facilities, schools and recreation centres where Alberta’s children learn, gather and play.......

Federal-Provincial-Territorial sport ministers meeting
Federal-Provincial-Territorial Governments to boost aboriginal participation in sport, set physical activity targets for children and youth, and encourage action to reduce violence in sport.

Kid’s sports
This article examines trends in regular organized sports participation of children aged 5 to 14. It also looks at the factors that influence children’s participation in sports including parental involvement in sports, sociodemographic characteristics of the family, and geography.

Study finds positive link between childhood nutrition & literacy
What our children eat affects more than their health - it impacts their future. New research has shown that overall diet quality affects academic performance.


Designed for disease: The link between local food environments and obesity and diabetes
The study examines the relationships between retail food environments, obesity and diabetes, and community income. The study demonstrates that people who live near an abundance of fast-food restaurants and convenience stores compared to grocery stores and fresh produce vendors, have a significantly higher prevalence of obesity and diabetes.

Diabetes in America
Public knowledge, perceptions and behavior regarding diabetes and diabetes prevention. A societal barometer. The report presents the findings of a quantitative survey research program….

The prevention of lifestyle-related chronic diseases: An economic framework
This paper provides an economic perspective on the prevention of chronic diseases, focusing in particular on diseases linked to lifestyle choices. (Physical activity is mentioned a number of times.)


Local governments and schools: A community-oriented approach
This guide offers strategies for how local governments and schools can bring their respective planning efforts together to take a more community oriented approach to schools and reach multiple community goals—educational, environmental, economic, social, and fiscal.


A look at national health care systems around the world
There has been much discussion about the merits of different systems around the world. This is a March 2008 Executive Summary on the topic.

Health Canada web-site changes
Health Canada has updated the look of their web-site. Please note, "Due to new file naming requirements, the URLs for each page of our Web site have been changed."
Check the links on your web-sites and personal favorites.... they will have to be updated.


Centre for policy on ageing (UK)

Continuous-scale physical functional performance test
The CS-PFP is based on ordinary activities of daily life, performed at maximal effort within the bounds of safety and comfort. It requires standard conditions and utilizes a scripted dialogue. All tasks are quantified by time, distance, or weight.

Lifetime homes, lifetime neighbourhoods: A national strategy for housing in an ageing society (UK)
Includes chapters on providing for people with disabilities, lifetime homes, lifetime neighbourhoods and more.

Preventing falls among seniors
This article outlines the ways seniors and professionals can work to lower the risk of falls. Statistics on falls are highlighted, followed by fall risk factors and interventions to prevent falls.


Low-income groups and behaviour change interventions: A review of intervention content and effectiveness
This review focuses on interventions specifically targeted at low-income populations – one index of disadvantage. It includes three targeted behaviors related to health: smoking, healthy eating and physical activity.

Physical activity and sport act (2003, c. 2)
This act is current to May 9th, 2008. If you are initially directed to an “update notice” page don’t fret, just click on the link on the page titled -> return to http:// …… ‘


Commonly used public health statistics and their confidence intervals
A technical briefing produced by the Association of Public Health Observatories (APHO), designed to support public health practitioners and analysts and to promote the use of public health intelligence in decision making.

In this briefing we describe the calculation of the more common types of statistics used within public health intelligence, specifically: rates, proportions, means and age-standardized rates and ratios. We also describe the use of confidence intervals......snip


Promoting physical activity in the workplace: Intervention guidance on workplace health promotion with reference to physical activity
This guidance is for employers and professionals in small, medium and large organisations who have a direct or indirect role in, and responsibility for, improving health in the workplace. The guidance complements and supports, but does not replace, NICE guidance on: physical activity and the environment, workplace smoking and obesity.


June 2, 2008

By Rosanne Prinsen, MSc, Alberta Centre for Active Living


A resident’s guide for creating safe and walkable communities – Feb 08
‘This guide provides examples from other communities working to improve pedestrian safety. It includes information, ideas, and resources to help residents learn about issues that affect walking conditions; find ways to address or prevent these problems; and promote pedestrian safety.”

Improving conditions for bicycling and walking: A best practices report


Literature review of walking programs
Includes walking program best practices based on provincial, national and international literature reviews.


Canada's report card on physical activity for children and youth for 2008
Canada’s Report Card on Physical Activity for Children and Youth for 2008 is the fourth annual overview of key indicators in relation to the physical activity levels of Canada’s young people. While the Report Card is again a comprehensive overview of issues, this year the focus is on screen time and physical activity.

The influence of age and gender on recreation participation
Previous ‘A Look at Leisure’ bulletins have provided an overview of participation patterns, favourite activities, reasons for participation, and constraints. In this report, we take a closer look at these variables but with emphasis on differences and similarities between age and gender groups.


Stand up (more) & eat (better)
This is an educational and participatory site to help people balance the calories they eat with the calories they burn each day. We are promoting "calorie literacy".


Guidelines on the promotion of physical activity with older people
“These guidelines have been drafted to assist the work of those in the position to promote physical activity and well being with all older people. They are not intended to provide exercise recommendations relating to specific diseases and conditions associated with ageing or on exercise prescriptions for individuals.”


Active2010 newsfeed now active
‘Stay up-to-date with our news feed. Come back often to see what the media is saying about sports and physical activity.’

BC on the move: Physical activity strategy
The “PAS is committed to its goal to improve the health of British Columbians through leadership that enhances community action to promote physical activity, with a targeted focus on inactive 35-54 year olds.”

British national heart foundation: Physical activity and health
Information on the annual conference as well as links to great resources for many populations and settings. A web-site well worth exploring!


Pregnancy and sport
Exercising during pregnancy is becoming more popular as it has been known to limit weight gain during the pregnancy, help with delivery and make returning to exercise after the birth much easier. With the increase in the number of female athletes, pregnancy in sport has become a hot topic as it raises a number of legal, ethical, medical and even insurance issues….


ENACT strategy: Reimburse employees for preventive health and wellness activities

International and national perspectives on workplace health
Though active in workplace health promotion, Canada can learn much from European success stories that demonstrate a more structural and legislative approach…….

Move Europe - A campaign for the improvement of lifestyle-related workplace health promotion in Europe

Nova Scotia’s comprehensive workplace health promotion strategy
There are dedicated sections for employees, employers and practitioners.