June 29, 2007

By Rosanne Prinsen, MSc, Alberta Centre for Active Living


Active healthy kids Canada's 2007 report card on physical activity
ActiveHealthyKids_v2/ programs_2007/reportcard.cfm

The Report Card closely examines physical activity opportunities for children and youth where they live, learn and play. In addition to highlighting decreased rates of physical activity and increases in screen time, the 2007 Report Card notes a troubling association between sedentary behaviours and increased reports of anxiety, depression and low self-esteem among adolescents.

Grant to develop intergenerational physical activity guidelines

Drs. Philip M. Wilson and Diane E. Mack are requesting your assistance in regards to their federally funded research study entitled "Osteoporosis and Physical Activity." The purpose of this study is to examine the measurement of lifestyle physical activity in those diagnosed with osteoporosis ...


Childhood obesity: Should primary school children be routinely screened? A systematic review and discussion of the evidence.
Westwood, M., Fayter, D., Hartley, S., Rithalia, A., Butler, G., Glasziou, P., Bland, M., Nixon, J., Stirk, L., & Rudolf, M. (2007). Childhood obesity: Should primary school children be routinely screened? A systematic review and discussion of the evidence. Arch Dis Child, 92(5), 416-422.

Background: Population monitoring has been introduced in UK primary schools in an effort to track the growing obesity epidemic. It has been argued that parents should be informed of their child's results, but is there evidence that moving from monitoring to screening would be effective?

We describe what is known about the effectiveness of monitoring and screening for overweight and obesity in primary school children and highlight areas where evidence is lacking and research should be prioritised.

Design: Systematic review with discussion of evidence gaps and future research.

Data Sources: Published and unpublished studies (any language) from electronic databases (inception to July 2005), clinical experts, Primary Care Trusts and Strategic Health Authorities, and reference lists of retrieved studies.

Review Methods: We included any study that evaluated measures of overweight and obesity as part of a population-level assessment and excluded studies whose primary outcome measure was prevalence.

Results: There were no trials assessing the effectiveness of monitoring or screening for overweight and obesity. Studies focused on the diagnostic accuracy of measurements. Information on the attitudes of children, parents and health professionals to monitoring was extremely sparse.

Conclusions: Our review found a lack of data on the potential impact of population monitoring or screening for obesity and more research is indicated. Identification of effective weight reduction strategies for children and clarification of the role of preventative measures are priorities. It is difficult to see how screening to identify individual children can be justified without effective interventions.

Children's healthy living (Heart and Stroke Foundation)

The Heart and Stroke Foundation wants children and families to live healthy and active lives. This resource will help you find information to inspire heart-healthy habits in your children. All the information on this page is Canadian, current and has been approved by Foundation experts.

Effectiveness of physical activity enhancement and obesity prevention programs in children and youth

Are Smart Growth concepts having an effect on planning and development in America? Is low-density sprawl continuing unabated, or has a new approach taken hold? This issue of On Common Ground gives you a progress report on Smart Growth.

Smartgrowth resources

Green Building, transportation, community design and density, brownfields and redevelopment, land use zoning and growth management, government fiscal issues, affordable housing, schools.

Theme PARC

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